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Frequently Asked Questions:

What was the Ghost Dance?

The Ghost Dance started in Pyramid Lake, Nevada. A holy man named Wovoka said a re-born world would come with the new grass of 1891. Wovoka said it would be a peaceful world with lots of bison to hunt. Wovoka taught that the new world would become a reality if Indian people everywhere sang and danced the Ghost Dance.

During the Wounded Knee Massacre, some of the Native Americans wore Ghost Shirts. What were Ghost Shirts?

Ghost Shirts were soft fabric shirts painted with designs. The shirts were believed to be able to stop enemy bullets.

Click on the following site to see a Ghost Shirt: http://www.sdhistory.org/mus/mus_ghdn.htm  - SD Historical Society

What was the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868?

The Fort Laramie Treaty was signed in 1868. The treaty was an agreement between the Sioux and the U.S. Government that ended the Red Cloud War in 1868. The treaty required an end to all conflicts between Native Americans and whites. Among other provisions, the treaty granted the Native Americans ownership of The Great Sioux Reservation which included The Black Hills of South Dakota.

For more information click on the following site: http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/1868_la.html  - Fort Laramie Treaty (Creighton University)

Why didn’t the Fort Laramie Treaty prevent the Wounded Knee Massacre in 1890?

During the mid-1870s many prospectors entered The Black Hills in search of gold. The U.S. Army did not keep the prospectors from entering the area guaranteed to the Native Americans in the 1868 treaty. Conflicts and confrontations started up again between the whites and Indians. One of the most famous uprisings occurred at the Battle of Little Big Horn where Custer’s 7th Calvary was defeated. In 1977 another treaty called The Black Hills Treaty gives The Black Hills to the U.S. The Native Americans are returned to the Great Sioux Reservation.

Conditions for the Native Americans continued to diminish. The Great Sioux Reservation was reduced in size and there was a shortage of food and aid for the Native Americans. The poor conditions lead to a religious dance called the “Ghost Dance”. The Native Americans believed the “Ghost Dance” would remove all whites from their land and return large herds of bison. The whites did not understand the Native American culture and believed the dance was a calling for uprising and war. This misunderstanding is believed in part to have lead to the Massacre at Wounded Knee.

For more information click on the following sites:
  - SD Chronological History
  - National Parks Service

Were any Native Americans killed during the siege of Wounded Knee in 1973?

Yes, two Native Americans were killed during the siege. Also, there were 7 other injuries reported by Native Americans. One FBI agent and one U.S. Marshal were also injured during the siege.

For more information click on the following sites:
http://www.usmarshals.gov/history/wounded-knee/  - US Marshals Service
http://www.warriorsofwoundedknee.com/home.htm  - A Tattoo on My Heart: Warriors of Wounded Knee

Did the Wounded Knee Massacre occur in the town of Wounded Knee, SD?

The Wounded Knee Massacre took place at the massacre site which is located east of the current town of Wounded Knee.

Did the Battle of Little Big Horn take place in South Dakota?

There were many confrontations between whites and Indians in South Dakota but the Battle of Little Big Horn was not one of them. It took place in Montana 14 years before the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890. Lieutenant Colonel George Custer and the Seventh Calvary were defeated at Little Big Horn, Montana.

Was the Wounded Knee Massacre considered a victory for the Seventh Calvary?

Initially, the battle may have been considered a victory. Some may have said justice was done for the Seventh Calvary of Little Big Horn. But that thinking changed as details about the December 29th, 1890 disaster became known. The needless killing of 44 women and 18 children could not be considered a victory.

When are the Dakota Pathways shows aired on SDPB?

Throughout the school year Dakota Pathways will air on Mondays and Fridays from 2:15pm – 2:30pm CT. Also, we air Dakota Pathways during the overnight schedule. The overnight schedule can be accessed on the Internet at http://www.sdpb.org/ , in our monthly SDPB Magazine, or in our weekly education newsletter. You can receive the SDPB Magazine by calling our Friends Office at (1-800-333-0789). If you are interested in receiving our weekly newsletter contact our office at EdServices@sdpb.org .

What age group is Dakota Pathways designed for?

Originally, the show was designed for South Dakota 4th graders; although, Dakota Pathways is enjoyed by people of all ages.

How many South Dakota Public Broadcasting Stations are there?

South Dakota Public Broadcasting is
South Dakota's statewide public broadcasting network. SDPB is vital community resource producing and broadcasting high-quality, commercial-free programs and valuable community outreach projects that educate, enlighten and entertain.


Call Sign Frequency City of License Transmitter Site Air Date
KUSD-FM 89.7 mHz Vermillion near Beresford October 1967
KESD-FM 88.3 mHz Brookings  near Hetland July 1967
KBHE-FM 89.3 mHz Rapid City Rapid City March 1984
KTSD-FM 91.1 mHz Reliance near Reliance February 1984
KDSD-FM 90.9 mHz Pierpont near Pierpont April 1984
KQSD-FM 91.9 mHz Lowry near Lowry June 1988
KPSD-FM 97.1 mHz Faith near Faith June 1989
KZSD-FM 102.5 mHz Martin near Long Valley July 1991
KCSD-FM 90.9 mHz Sioux Falls Sioux Falls July 1985


TV - Full Power Transmitters   

Aberdeen KDSD-TV Channel 16 DTV - 17
Brookings - Hetland KESD-TV Channel   8 DTV - 18
Faith - Eagle Butte KPSD-TV Channel 13 DTV - 25
Lowry KQSD-TV Channel 11 DTV - 15
Martin- Long Valley KZSD-TV  Channel   8 DTV - 23
Pierre - Reliance KTSD-TV  Channel 10 DTV - 21
Rapid City KBHE-TV Channel   9 DTV - 26
Sioux Falls KCSD-TV Channel 23 DTV - 24
Vermillion - Beresford KUSD-TV  Channel   2 DTV - 34

Low Power Translators

Aberdeen Channel 7
Belle Fourche Channel 19
Edgemont Channel 64
Mitchell Channel 9
Pringle Channel 55
Pine Ridge Channel 6
Spearfish Channel 4
Wagner Channel 55
Wasta Channel 13

Follow this link to cable Television Channel Assignments

How many episodes of Dakota Pathways will be produced?

SDPB TV produced 20 episodes.

Program Number Title Subjects
101 Rails and Other Roads Transportation and movement
102 Stories from the Skies Myths, stories, famous flyers
103 The Mighty ‘Mo The Missouri River influence
104 East River, West River Farmers and Ranchers and such
105 The First Hunters & Farmers Mammoth hunters & early Indian life
106 Mining Booms and Busts Mining in SD
107 Water and Dust The droughts and floods of SD
108 History and Legend Wild Bill and other tales
109 People of the Bison Lakota, Dakota and Nakota peoples
110 Headlines and Bulletins Newspapers, radio and television
111 Blackboards and Computers Education history in SD
112 Maps and Borders Changing borders of the region
113 Big Towns and Little Towns Sioux Falls to ghost towns
114 Playing Games Sports history of SD
115 Finding a National Voice Famous politicians & leaders
116 On Vacation History of tourism in South Dakota
117 The Home Front At home during WWI & WWII  etc.
118 Cowboys of the Open Range Cattle ranching, the early days
119 Telling Stories SD authors of fiction & non-fiction
120 A Dark Day Wounded Knee, the history

How long can I legally use a Dakota Pathway show after I have taped it?

All of the Dakota Pathways episodes are produced by SDPB. You have unlimited educational rights to use these programs. So enjoy them for years. Note: Some of the shows we air are not produced by SDPB and only have rights for a year. Please email EdServices@sdpb.org  if you have questions about other shows.

Feel free to contact EdServices@sdpb.org  if you have additional questions about any of our shows.

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